The Final Report of the Task Force on Cannabis Legalization and Regulation
Table of Contents
Chapter 2: Minimizing Harms of Use
• Introduction: a public health approach
• Minimum age
• Promotion, advertising and marketing restrictions
• Cannabis-based edibles and other products
• THC potency
• Tax and price
• Public education
• Prevention and treatment
• Workplace safety
• Annex 1: Biographies of Task Force on Cannabis Legalization and Regulation Members
• Annex 2: Terms of Reference
• Annex 3: Acknowledgements
• Annex 4: Discussion Paper ‘Toward the Legalization, Regulation and Restriction of Access to Marijuana’
• Annex 5: Executive Summary: Analysis of consultation input submitted to the Task Force on Cannabis Legalization and Regulation
We must all be responsible adults especially *law enforcement and other professionals in the media and health care fields and seriously look at and listen to the scientific evidence.
Cannabis keeps getting compared to the toxic (deadly) drug alcohol. Cannabis is not toxic. Cannabis and alcohol are just not the same. Under the influence behaviours are not the same as alcohol or pharmaceutical drugs for the most part.
Daily medical cannabis consumers generally gain experience and tolerance fairly quickly. People would not be impaired if they took an aspirin for a headache the same can be said for most daily medical cannabis consumers.
Several years now pharmaceutical drug advertisements have included warnings about possible side affects that could cause impairment, statements like, know how our drug affects you before operating motor vehicles or equipment. In other words consumption does not automatically equal you’re impaired.
Distracted driving and walking is impaired behaviours. Parents drive while distracted by their children. Pet owners drive while distracted by their pets. Using a cell phone. Lack of sleep, human emotions, stress, mental health and more are all part of the important impaired issue.
Education based on scientific evidence only without the typical proven reefer madness nonsense.
*Irresponsible law enforcement and media professionals
See Dr. Susan C. Boyd, a B.C. researcher’s book “Killer Weed: Marijuana Grow Ops, Media and Justice”. about how law enforcement and media are not telling the facts.
Google Dr. Susan C. Boyd’s “4 Reefer madness is governmental” for more.
Note: Dr. Susan C. Boyd is a member of Liberal government “Task Force on Marijuana Legalization and Regulation”
June 3, 2016
Motor Mouth: Hysteria over ‘high driving’ is all half-baked
Marijuana, by most measures, is not in any way the scourge that alcohol is
August 5, 2014
Since marijuana legalization, highway fatalities in Colorado are at near-historic lows
April 6, 2012
Marijuana Users Are Safer Drivers Than Non-Marijuana Users, New Study Shows
Medical Marijuana Laws, Traffic Fatalities, and Alcohol Consumption
D. Mark Anderson University of Montana and Daniel Rees University of Colorado
16 states have passed medical marijuana laws, yet very little is known about their effects. Using state-level data, we examine the relationship between medical marijuana laws and a variety of outcomes. Legalization of medical marijuana is associated with increased use of marijuana among adults, but not among minors. In addition, legalization is associated with a nearly 9 percent decrease in traffic fatalities, most likely to due to its impact on alcohol consumption. Our estimates provide strong evidence that marijuana and alcohol are substitutes.
CANADA SAFTEY COUNCIL
DRIVERS ON POT – ISSUES AND OPTIONS
HOW CANNABIS USE AFFECTS DRIVING
Alcohol causes more impairment than cannabis and carries a demonstrably higher crash risk. Drivers under the influence of cannabis are acutely aware of their impairment. They consciously try to drive more cautiously, for example by slowing down, focusing their attention and avoiding risks. Drinking drivers show more risk taking and aggression in their driving, have no insight into their impairment, and do not try to compensate.
CANADA SAFTEY COUNCIL
HOW DOES POT AFFECT DRIVERS?
The psychoactive chemical in marijuana is tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). THC has a very different effect from alcohol. Pot users are acutely aware of their impairment – that is, they feel “high” – and some try to compensate by driving more cautiously.
REPORT OF THE SENATE SPECIAL COMMITTEE ON ILLEGAL DRUGS – SenateReport.ca
CANNABIS: OUR POSITION FOR A CANADIAN PUBLIC POLICY
Chapter: 8 Driving under the influence of cannabis
• Cannabis alone, particularly in low doses, has little effect on the skills involved in automobile driving.
• Cannabis, particularly in the doses that match typical doses for regular users, has a negative impact on decision time and trajectory.
• Cannabis leads to a more cautious style of driving.
• The effects of cannabis when combined with alcohol are more significant than for alcohol alone.
Access to Cannabis for Medical Purposes Regulations (ACMPR)
August 24, 2016
Part 2 — Production for Own Medical Purposes and Production by a Designated Person
Part 2 of the ACMPR sets out a registration framework that allows for personal-use and designated production of cannabis (including cultivation of plants and alteration of products) for medical purposes.
Note: The majority of Part 2 incorporates the requirements of the former MMAR and relevant section 56 CDSA exemptions that respond to the decision in R. v. Smith with required modifications to incorporate the production, storage and possession of products other than dried marihuana or plants. New provisions that did not form part of the previous framework include the following:
•Proof of possession and registration can be demonstrated through a registration certificate issued by Health Canada.
• Starting materials (i.e. seeds and plants) can be obtained through licensed producers.
• Interim supply of cannabis (until plants are ready) can be obtained through licensed producers.
• Security measures do not need to be listed on the registration application, but those registering to possess and produce cannabis must declare that security measures are in place to keep plants and products secure.
• Information sharing provisions have been expanded to enable proactive sharing of information on registered persons with P/T health care licensing authorities.
Producing cannabis safety and security
Information bulletin: safety and security considerations when producing cannabis for your own medical purposes
Applications for Production for Own Medical Purposes and Production by a Designated Person
Guidance Document – Completing the Production for Own Medical Purposes and Production by a Designated Person Registration Form
August 11, 2016 Understanding ACMPR
Understanding the New Access to Cannabis for Medical Purposes Regulations
Complete ACMPR Regulations
Task force and public consultation to inform creation of a new system that will protect and inform Canadians
June 30, 2016
Ottawa, ON – Government of Canada – News Release
Participate by providing your input by completing the online consultation
Toward the Legalization, Regulation and Restriction of Access to Marijuana – Discussion Paper
or skip directly to participate in “online consultation”, locate the “Next” button at “Accessing Marijuana for Medical Purposes” “Privacy Notice”
or see “How to participate” “Provide feedback on minimizing harms of use by completing the “online consultation.” link above the “Previous” and “Next” buttons on the following five pages: 3.1 Minimizing harms of use, 3.2 Establishing a Safe and Responsible Production System, 3.3 Designing an appropriate distribution system, 3.4 Enforcing public safety and protection and 3.5 Accessing Marijuana for Medical Purposes
Cannabis Legalization and Regulation Secretariat
Address locator 0602E
Ottawa, ON K1A 0K9
Dr. Susan C. Boyd, Killer Weed: Marijuana Grow Ops, Media and Justice.
The Canadian Press — Dec. 25, 2013
Book by B.C. researcher says media, police not talking straight on pot
Susan C. Boyd, BC BookLook – April 17th, 2014 Reefer madness is governmental
Dr. Mark A Ware,
Executive Director of The Canadian Consortium for the Investigation of Cannabinoids (CCIC).
Dr. Perry Kendall, British Columbia Provincial Health Officer
November 10, 2014 Vancouver Sun
Dr. Perry Kendall reflects on 15 years as British Columbia’s Provincial Health Officer
Erb4Herb reaches goals and is retired December 31, 2015!
Erb4Herb Legalize It! campaign sponsored many national 420 events in 2013, 2014 and 2015. And also supported a get the vote out and vote Liberal campaign to help get rid of ex PM Stephan Harper. Harper is out of course and legalization is now coming as well. Both goals were reached successfully, The national Erb4Herb Legalize It! campaign came to an end last year after the Oct. 19, 2015 Liberal election win.
Bob successfully accomplished what he originally set out to do and even more. He said he was going to donated one million dollars for legalization efforts and he donated more the one million dollars. Truth is he did what he said he was going to do and so much more for so many.
It is unfortunate a few people, out of thousands, feel they deserve more from Bob then he has already given to all so many. Which has lead to one or more person(s) insisting on making up complete nonsense to suit their needs at the time. Taking pleasure in wasting other peoples valuable time and energies on complete made up nonsense?
We hope this explains Erb4Herb actual past efforts and actual current position.
All in an effort to help others understand maybe see the following recent news report on CTV News.
Thursday, April 14, 2016 @ 7:00 PM MDT
— Kevin Chorney (@KevinChorney) April 13, 2016
Calgary Now Show next dates and times
April 15 – 5:30am, 10:30am, 7:00pm
April 16 – 12:30am, 8:30am, 7:00pm
April 17 – 8:30am, 7:00pm
Don’t have access to Shaw TV Calgary Channel 10 then see
at the above times.
Contentions that scientists have failed to conduct sufficient research on the health and societal effects of cannabis are unfounded. A keyword search on the National Library of Medicine database reveals over 23,000 peer-reviewed papers http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/gquery/?term=marijuana specific to the marijuana plant, and new scientific discoveries are published almost daily debunking the federal government’s claims that the herb is a highly dangerous substance lacking therapeutic efficacy. Here are five new cannabis-centric studies that challenge longstanding marijuana myths.
Marijuana abuse is on the decline
Contrary to what you may have heard http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/853145 , the percentage of Americans reporting having experienced pot-related problems is declining. That’s according to the results of a newly published study in the journal JAMA Psychiatry.
Investigators at the Washington School of Medicine in St. Louis assessed trends in marijuana use and in the prevalence of marijuana use disorders during the years 2002 to 2013. Researchers found that the self-reported use of cannabis by adults increased an estimated 19 percent, but that reports of cannabis-related problems actually declined during this period.
“We’re certainly seeing some increases in marijuana use,” the lead researcher of the study said http://medicalxpress.com/news/2016-02-marijuana-high-previously.htm. “But our survey didn’t notice any increase in marijuana-related problems. Certainly, some people are having problems so we should remain vigilant, but the sky is not falling.”
Separate evaluations of self-reported marijuana use by young people have determined that rates of cannabis use by high-school students are significantly lower today http://norml.org/news/2015/10/08/studies-fewer-teens-using-marijuana-younger-adolescents-more-likely-to-voice-disapproval than they were 15 years ago.
The study’s findings contradict those of a widely publicized 2015 paper http://medicalxpress.com/news/2015-10-marijuana-disorders.html which alleged that the use of marijuana had doubled over the past decade and that an estimated one-third of those who consumed cannabis did so problematically. Predictably, while the 2015 study received widespread coverage, only a handful of media outlets have published follow up stories highlighting the revised data.
Pot is associated with compensatory driving behavior; booze is not
Stoned drivers are slower drivers. That is the finding of a just published federal study http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/jat.3295/abstract in the Journal of Applied Toxicology. Its conclusions mimic those reported in a series of on-road driving studies http://ntl.bts.gov/lib/25000/25800/25867/DOT-HS-808-078.pdf performed by the US National Highway Traffic Safety Administration in the 1990s.
Investigators affiliated with the US National Institute on Drug Abuse and the University of Iowa assessed the effects of vaporized cannabis on simulated driving performance. Researchers report that cannabis-positive subjects decreased their speed and increased the distance between their vehicle and the car in front of them, while alcohol-positive participants did the opposite.
“The compensatory behavior exhibited by cannabis-influenced drivers distinctly contrasts with an alcohol-induced higher risk behavior,” authors concluded.
While some studies have reported that THC-positive drivers possess a nearly two-fold risk http://www.bmj.com/content/344/bmj.e536 of motor vehicle accident compared to drug-free drivers, other reviews have reported comparatively less risk http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/add.13347/abstract?campaign=wolacceptedarticle and, in some cases, no elevated risk http://www.detroitnews.com/story/news/nation/2015/02/06/us-evidence-marijuana-leads-higher-crash-risk/23004549/ after adjusting for confounding variables such as age and gender. By contrast, driving with legal amounts of booze in one’s system is associated with a four-fold increased crash risk http://www.nhtsa.gov/staticfiles/nti/pdf/812117-Drug_and_Alcohol_Crash_Risk.pdf , while operating a motor vehicle with two or more passengers more than doubles one’s risk http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S000145750700036X of a motor vehicle crash.
Smoking pot won’t make you depressed, but some depressed people smoke pot
Longstanding claims http://adai.uw.edu/marijuana/factsheets/mentalhealth.htm that smoking pot leads to depression have been rejected in a new longitudinal study http://www.jad-journal.com/article/S0165-0327(15)31030-2/abstract published in the Journal of Affective Disorders.
A team of Swedish investigators conducted a three-year prospective study in a cohort of 8,600 men between the ages of 20 and 64 to assess whether cannabis use was associated with increased incidences of depression later in life. After scientists adjusted for potentially confounding variables, such as other illicit drug use and family tension, they reported no link between pot use and symptoms of clinical depression or anxiety.
Investigators did find that subjects who reported suffering from depression during their baseline interviews were more likely to be pot smokers at follow up. However, these respondents were also more likely to consume other illicit drugs as well.
Pot mitigates chronic pain, reduces patients’ need for opioids
When New York lawmakers signed off on legislation in 2014 authorizing the use of medical marijuana, they refused to permit chronic pain patients the opportunity to utilize cannabis therapy. Their decision, which is now codified in New York state law, flies in the face of compassion and science. That’s because the daily use of cannabis provides pain relief and reduces opioid use in patients with treatment-resistant chronic pain conditions, according to clinical trial data http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26889611 reported online ahead of print in The Clinical Journal of Pain.
Investigators with Hebrew University in Israel evaluated the use of cannabis on pain in a cohort of 176 patients, each of whom had been previously unresponsive to all conventional pain medications. Subjects inhaled THC-dominant cannabis daily (up to 20 grams per month) for a period of at least six months.
A majority of the study’s participants (66 percent) experienced improvement in their pain symptom scores after cannabis therapy, and most reported “robust” improvements in their quality of life. Subjects’ overall consumption of opioid drugs declined 44 percent by the end of the trial, and a significant percentage of participants discontinued opioid therapy altogether over the course of the study.
The Israeli results are similar to those reported in a 2015 Canadian trial http://norml.org/news/2015/10/01/study-daily-cannabis-use-is-safe-effective-for-chronic-pain which concluded that chronic pain patients who use herbal cannabis daily for one-year experienced reduced discomfort and increased quality of life compared to controls, and did not possess an increased risk of serious side effects.
Separate data http://norml.org/news/2014/08/28/study-state-medical-marijuana-laws-associated-with-lower-rates-of-opiate-induced-fatalities published in 2014 in The Journal of the American Medical Association determined that states with medical marijuana laws experience far fewer opiate-related deaths than do states that prohibit the plant. Investigators from the RAND Corporation reported similar findings http://norml.org/news/2015/07/16/study-medical-cannabis-access-associated-with-reduced-opioid-abuse in 2015, concluding, “States permitting medical marijuana dispensaries experience a relative decrease in both opioid addictions and opioid overdose deaths compared to states that do not.”
One more time, with conviction: passing medical pot laws doesn’t increase marijuana use by teens
Repeated claims http://www.deseretnews.com/article/865649041/My-view-Marijuana-is-not-a-medicine.html?pg=all that the enactment of medical cannabis laws is associated with spikes in youth marijuana use are categorically false. Want proof? According to a new review http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26895950 of US federal drug use data from the years 2002 to 2011, “here is no evidence of a differential increase in past-month marijuana use in youth that can be attributed to state MML (medical marijuana laws).”
While the study’s authors acknowledged that many medical marijuana states have higher rates of cannabis use compared to non-medical states, they affirmed that these jurisdictions already possessed elevated use rates prior to any change in law and that the enactments of laws did not causally contribute to this change. They are hardly alone in their assessment.
In 2015, investigators at Columbia University in New York and the University of Michigan assessed the relationship between state medical marijuana laws and rates of self-reported adolescent marijuana use over a 24-year period in a sampling of over one million adolescents in 48 states. Researchers reported no increase in teens’ overall pot use that could be attributable to changes in law, and acknowledged a “robust” decrease in use among 8th graders. They concluded http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lanpsy/article/PIIS2215-0366(15)00217-5/fulltext : “he results of this study showed no evidence for an increase in adolescent marijuana use after the passage of state laws permitting use of marijuana for medical purposes. … oncerns that increased marijuana use is an unintended effect of state marijuana laws seem unfounded.”
And they weren’t alone either. In fact, their conclusions were consistent with the findings of nearly a dozen similar studies — such as those available here http://www.nber.org/papers/w20332 , here http://www.jahonline.org/article/S1054-139X%2814%2900107-4/abstract ,here http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4007871/ , here http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22285867 , and here http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17689362